Media Query CSS Berbagai Device Agar Layout Responsive Maksimal

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Responsive Web Design

Responsive web design atau Desain web responsif adalah sebuah teknik atau metode yang digunakan oleh web designer untuk membuat suatu layout website yang nantinya akan menyesuaikan diri sesuai dengan device yang digunakan oleh pengunjung. Baik dari ukuran huruf, user interface, gambar dan tata letak akan menyesuaikan dengan lebar layar atau resolusi device yang digunakan pengunjung.

Selain dapat mempengaruhi apa yang ditampilkan pada perangkat tertentu, dapat juga untuk mengoptimalisasi kenyamanan pengguna untuk menjelajah web dari tampilan, navigasi serta konten website tanpa merubah ukuran halaman web dari perangkat apapun yang mereka gunakan. Misalnya, pengunjung akan merasakan mudah membaca tanpa harus zoom in dan zoom out dan pengunjung pun akan lebih jelas melihat gambar dari website yang ia dikunjungi.

Pada dasarnya untuk membuat sebuah desain web menjadi responsive perlu memperhatikan beberapa komponen seperti :

  • Fluid grid
  • Media Queries
  • Responsive Media
  • Meta Tag

Apa itu Media Query CSS

Media query secara sederhana adalah sebuah teknik atau metode yang digunakan di css untuk menyesuaikan layout di berbagai resolusi layar secara spesifik. Misal ingin merubah suatu value pada saat ukuran layar handphone dll.

Media Query Handphone


/* ----------- iPhone 4 and 4S ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 320px) 
  and (max-device-width: 480px)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 320px) 
  and (max-device-width: 480px)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2)
  and (orientation: portrait) {
}

/* Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 320px) 
  and (max-device-width: 480px)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2)
  and (orientation: landscape) {

}

/* ----------- iPhone 5, 5S, 5C and 5SE ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 320px) 
  and (max-device-width: 568px)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 320px) 
  and (max-device-width: 568px)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2)
  and (orientation: portrait) {
}

/* Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 320px) 
  and (max-device-width: 568px)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2)
  and (orientation: landscape) {

}

/* ----------- iPhone 6, 6S, 7 and 8 ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 375px) 
  and (max-device-width: 667px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) { 

}

/* Portrait */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 375px) 
  and (max-device-width: 667px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2)
  and (orientation: portrait) { 

}

/* Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 375px) 
  and (max-device-width: 667px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2)
  and (orientation: landscape) { 

}

/* ----------- iPhone 6+, 7+ and 8+ ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 414px) 
  and (max-device-width: 736px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 3) { 

}

/* Portrait */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 414px) 
  and (max-device-width: 736px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 3)
  and (orientation: portrait) { 

}

/* Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 414px) 
  and (max-device-width: 736px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 3)
  and (orientation: landscape) { 

}

/* ----------- iPhone X ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 375px) 
  and (max-device-width: 812px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 3) { 

}

/* Portrait */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 375px) 
  and (max-device-width: 812px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 3)
  and (orientation: portrait) { 

}

/* Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 375px) 
  and (max-device-width: 812px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 3)
  and (orientation: landscape) { 

}
/* ----------- Galaxy S3 ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 360px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 320px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2) 
  and (orientation: portrait) {

}

/* Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 320px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2) 
  and (orientation: landscape) {

}

/* ----------- Galaxy S4, S5 and Note 3 ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 320px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 3) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 320px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 3) 
  and (orientation: portrait) {

}

/* Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 320px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 3) 
  and (orientation: landscape) {

}

/* ----------- Galaxy S6 ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 360px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 4) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 360px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 4) 
  and (orientation: portrait) {

}

/* Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 360px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 4) 
  and (orientation: landscape) {

}

Media Query Tablet

/* ----------- iPad 1, 2, Mini and Air ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 768px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1024px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 768px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1024px) 
  and (orientation: portrait) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1) {

}

/* Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 768px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1024px) 
  and (orientation: landscape) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1) {

}

/* ----------- iPad 3, 4 and Pro 9.7" ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 768px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1024px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 768px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1024px) 
  and (orientation: portrait) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 768px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1024px) 
  and (orientation: landscape) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* ----------- iPad Pro 10.5" ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 834px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1112px)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Portrait */
/* Declare the same value for min- and max-width to avoid colliding with desktops */
/* Source: https://medium.com/connect-the-dots/css-media-queries-for-ipad-pro-8cad10e17106*/
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 834px) 
  and (max-device-width: 834px) 
  and (orientation: portrait) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Landscape */
/* Declare the same value for min- and max-width to avoid colliding with desktops */
/* Source: https://medium.com/connect-the-dots/css-media-queries-for-ipad-pro-8cad10e17106*/
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 1112px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1112px) 
  and (orientation: landscape) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* ----------- iPad Pro 12.9" ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 1024px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1366px)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Portrait */
/* Declare the same value for min- and max-width to avoid colliding with desktops */
/* Source: https://medium.com/connect-the-dots/css-media-queries-for-ipad-pro-8cad10e17106*/
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 1024px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1024px) 
  and (orientation: portrait) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Landscape */
/* Declare the same value for min- and max-width to avoid colliding with desktops */
/* Source: https://medium.com/connect-the-dots/css-media-queries-for-ipad-pro-8cad10e17106*/
@media only screen 
  and (min-device-width: 1366px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1366px) 
  and (orientation: landscape) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* ----------- Galaxy Tab 2 ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media 
  (min-device-width: 800px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1280px) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media 
  (max-device-width: 800px) 
  and (orientation: portrait) { 

}

/* Landscape */
@media 
  (max-device-width: 1280px) 
  and (orientation: landscape) { 

}

/* ----------- Galaxy Tab S ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media 
  (min-device-width: 800px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1280px)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media 
  (max-device-width: 800px) 
  and (orientation: portrait)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) { 

}

/* Landscape */
@media 
  (max-device-width: 1280px) 
  and (orientation: landscape)
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2) { 

}

/* ----------- Nexus 7 ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 601px) 
  and (device-height: 906px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1.331) 
  and (-webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio: 1.332) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 601px) 
  and (device-height: 906px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1.331) 
  and (-webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio: 1.332) 
  and (orientation: portrait) {

}

/* Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 601px) 
  and (device-height: 906px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1.331) 
  and (-webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio: 1.332) 
  and (orientation: landscape) {

}

/* ----------- Nexus 9 ----------- */

/* Portrait and Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 1536px) 
  and (device-height: 2048px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1.331) 
  and (-webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio: 1.332) {

}

/* Portrait */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 1536px) 
  and (device-height: 2048px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1.331) 
  and (-webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio: 1.332) 
  and (orientation: portrait) {

}

/* Landscape */
@media screen 
  and (device-width: 1536px) 
  and (device-height: 2048px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1.331) 
  and (-webkit-max-device-pixel-ratio: 1.332) 
  and (orientation: landscape) {

}

Media Query Laptop

/* ----------- Non-Retina Screens ----------- */
@media screen 
  and (min-device-width: 1200px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1600px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1) { 
}

/* ----------- Retina Screens ----------- */
@media screen 
  and (min-device-width: 1200px) 
  and (max-device-width: 1600px) 
  and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2)
  and (min-resolution: 192dpi) { 
}

Itulah beberapa media query yang bisa digunakan saat menyesuaikan di berbagai device, pilih sesuai kebutuhan.

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